The letter stressed that, "when challenged on television, Dumas responded that Valls was, indeed, under Jewish influence and refused to apologize for his recent remarks".

Samuels commended the President in that, "since last month's Hyper Cacher atrocity and this week's cemetery desecration, you have taken strong measures to assure the Jewish community of your concern for its safety", adding that "those who foment further Jew-hatred must now be sanctioned".

The Centre urged Hollande, to invoke his authority as Grand Master, to strip Roland Dumas of the Légion d'Honneur in accordance with Article R96, Title V:Discipline of the Order's Code: '... when the awardee has committed acts contrary to the honour of France' <www.legiondhonneur.fr/sites/default/files/code_lh_decembre_2012.pdf>".

Odier reminded the President that, "following the death of Maurice Papon – who had been convicted for deporting 1,600 Jews from Bordeaux to Auschwitz between 1942 and 1944 – you, as then First Secretary of the Socialist Party, had endorsed the cancellation of Papon's Légion d'Honneur for 'having dishonored the French State' (France Inter 18 February 2007).

In September 2011, you stripped British fashion designer, John Galliano, of his decoration for his antisemitic remarks.

At a time when the French Jewish community is in mourning, Roland Dumas' 'Jewish influence' incitement and hate-speech assault on the integrity of your Prime Minister, is 'contrary to the honour of France' and tarnishes the Code of the Légion d'Honneur".

The Centre called on the President, as the Order's highest authority, "to definitively withdraw Dumas' membership of the Légion d'Honneur, and to publish this decision in the Official Journal".

"Failure to act decisively can evoke the shadows of a former charge of Jewish double loyalty in France – the Dreyfus Affair revisited," argued Odier (son of a Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur) and Samuels (Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur awarded by President Chirac in 2007)

For further information, please contact Dr Shimon Samuels at +33.609.7701.58